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Risk of biochemical recurrence based on extent and location of positive surgical margins after robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy


There are no published studies on the simultaneous effect of extent and location of positive surgical margins (PSMs) on biochemical recurrence (BCR) after robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP). The aim was to report the incidence, extent, and location of PSMs over the inclusion period as well as the rates of BCR and cancer-related mortality, and determine if BCR is associated with PSM extent and/or location. 


Retrospective review of 530 consecutive patients who underwent RALP between 2003 and 2012. Kaplan-Meier (KM) survival analyses and Cox regressions were performed to determine variables associated with BCR. 


For the 530 operated patients, evaluated at a median of 92 months (IQR, 87–99), PSMs were observed in 156 (29%), of which 24% were focal. Out of 172 PSMs, 126 (73%) were focal and 46 (27%) were extensive. The KM survival using BCR as endpoint was 0.81 (CI, 0.78–0.85) at 5 years and was 0.67 (CI, 0.61–0.72) at 10 years; and using cancer-related mortality as endpoint was 0.99 (CI, 0.99–1.00) at 5 years and 0.95 (CI, 0.92–0.98) at 10 years. Multi-variable analysis revealed the strongest predictors of BCR to be Gleason score ≥ 8 (HR = 7.97; CI, 4.38–14.51) and 4 + 3 (HR = 3.88; CI, 2.12–7.07), lymph nodes invasion (HR = 3.42; CI, 1.70–6.91), pT stage 3b or 4 (HR = 3.07; CI, 1.93–4.90), and extensive apical PSMs (HR = 2.62; CI, 1.40–4.90) but not focal apical PSMs (HR = 0.86; CI, 0.49–1.50; p = 0.586). 


Extensive apical PSMs significantly increased the risk of BCR, independently from pT stage, Gleason score and lymph nodes invasion, while focal apical PSMs had no significant effect on BCR.

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Focal One® Live Surgery
September 17th, 2015 – Bilbao, Spain  



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SIPC will take part at the annual meeting of the Swiss Urology Society from 6 to 8 September 2017 in Lugano, with this presentation:

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